Office action is a letter from a trademark examining attorney setting forth the legal status of a trademark application. An Office action is issued to notify the applicant regarding problems with the application. This may include the reason for the refusal of an application or requiring to satisfy certain requirements. Mostly the time to respond Office Action is 6 months or the application will be abandoned. In a non-final Office Action examiner raise the issues for the first time. If the applicant fails to address or overcome all issues raised in the non-final office action then the final Office Action is issued. A trademark registration proceeding may take years to resolve.
The best responses to a refusal to register a trademark includes arguments, backed by corroborating evidence that do not limit the goods and services description any more than required to obtain a registration.
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